Chia Seeds and other Seeds - Research Material

The following articles and books were studied during the course of the Chia Seeds and other Seeds Project.

Chia Seeds

Author Article Title or Book Name Citation, Source or ISBN
Bays et al Prescription omega-3 fatty acids and their lipid effects: physiologic mechanisms of action and clinical implications Expert Rev. Cardiovasc. Ther. 6(3), 391-409 (2008)
Advisory Committee for Novel Foods and Processes Opinion on an application under the Novel Foods Regulation for Chia (Salvia Hispanica L) Advisory Committee for Novel Foods and Processes (April 2004)
Armstrong (company representative) Application for Approval of Whole Chia (Salvia Hispanica L) Seed and Ground Whole Chia as Novel Food Ingredients R Craig & Sons [M] Ltd, Co Antrim, Northern Ireland
Ayerza & Coates An n-3 fatty acid enriched chia diet: Influence on egg fatty acid composition, cholesterol and oil content Bioresources Research Facility, Office of Arid Lands Studies, The University of Arizona, Tucson (1998)
Ayerza & Coates CHIA ISBN 978-0-8165-2488-4
Borneo et al Chia (Salvia Hispanica L) Gel Can Be Used as Egg or Oil Replacer in Cake Formulations Journal of the American Dietetic Association Volume 110, Issue 6, Pages 946-949 (June 2010)
Coates & Ayerza Chia (Salvia Hispanica L) seed as an n-3 fatty acid source for finishing pigs: effects on fatty acid composition and fat stability of the meat and internal fat, growth performance, and meat sensory characteristics J Anim Sci published online Jul 31, 2009
Lee The Effects of Salvia Hispanica L (Salba) on Postprandial Glycemia and Subjective Appetite Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto Ð A thesis submitted in conformity with the requirements for the degree of Master of Science
Meineri et al Effects of Chia (Salvia Hispanica L) seed supplementation on rabbit meat quality, oxidative stability and sensory traits Italian Journal of Animal Science Vol 9, No 1 (2010)
NSRI Allergenicity and Toxicity of Chia Seed NSRI website (
NSRI Chia Seed Ð Salvia Hispanica L Technical Sheet NSRI website (
Taga et al Chia Seeds as a Source of Natural Lipid Antioxidants (abstract) JAOCS, vol. 61, no. 5 (May 1984)
Ulbricht et al Chia (Salvia hispanica): a systematic review by the natural standard research collaboration PubMed, Rev Recent Clin Trials 2009 Sep;4(3):168-74 PMID: 20028328
Vuksan et al Supplementation of Conventional Therapy With the Novel Grain Salba (Salvia Hispanica L) Improves Major and Emerging Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetes Diabetes Care, volume 30, number 11, November 2007

Flax Seeds

Author Article Title or Book Name Citation, Source or ISBN
Ayerza & Coates CHIA ISBN 978-0-8165-2488-4
Erasmus Fats that Heal, Fats that Kill ISBN 0-920470-38-6 ISBN 978-0920470381
MedlinePlus Flaxseed: MedlinePlus Supplements MedlinePlus website
NCCAM Flaxseed and Flaxseed Oil NCCAM website (
Pan et al Meta-analysis of the effects of flaxseed interventions on blood lipids Am J Clin Nutr 2009;90:288-97
Simopoulos The Omega Diet ISBN 978-0-06-093023-3
Murata et al Dietary Fish Oil and Undaria pinnatifida (Wakame) Synergistically Decrease Rat Serum and Liver Triacylglycerol J. Nutr. 132:742-747, 2002 The American Society for Nutritional Sciences
Spence et al The Effect of Flax Seed Cultivars with Differing Content of Alpha Linolenic Acid and Lignans on Responses to Mental Stress Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol 22, No. 6, 494-501 (2003)

Perilla Seeds

Author Article Title or Book Name Citation, Source or ISBN
Brenner NewCROP Factsheet: Perilla David M Brenner, North Central Regional Plant Introduction Station, Agronomy Department, Iowa State University (2008)
Hu et al Primary identifications and palynological observations of Perilla in China Journal of Systematics and Evolution 48 (2): 133-145 (2010)
Lands Fish and Human Health ISBN 0-12-435645-1
Lin et al Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of methanolic extracts of Perilla frutescens Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 4(6) pp. 477-483, 18 March, 2010
Meng et al Antioxidant Activities of polyphenols Extracted from Perilla frutescens Varieties Molecules 2009, 14, 133-140
Siriamornpun et al Variation of lipid and fatty acid compositions in Thai Perilla seeds grown at different locations Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol., 2006, 28(Suppl. 1) : 17-21

Sacha Inchi Seeds

Author Article Title or Book Name Citation, Source or ISBN
Guillen et al Characterization of Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L) Oil by FTIR Spectroscopy and H NMR. Comparison with Linseed Oil JAOCS, Vol. 80, no. 8 pp. 755-762 (2003)
Hamaker et al Amino Acid and Fatty Acid Profiles of the Inca Peanut (Plukenetia volubilis) Cereal Chem. 69(4):461-463 (1992)
Krivankova et al Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis, Euphorbiaceae): A Promising Oilseed Crop from Peruvian Amazon Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague, Institute of Tropics and Subtropics, Czech Republic (2007)

Return to Chia Seeds and other Seeds Part 1 - Overview